Why always no to them? (part1)
After reading many articles and a few books of history relating to the condition of women in ancient time, I got to know this that the girls were being deprived of their privileges or rights and were being tortured, since the time of historical writing. Here my first post will show you the condition of women in two different countries.
- CONDITION OF WOMEN IN ROME:
Women were freeborn but couldn't hold any political position because of their limited public role. But only a few women used to held political position who had a political and wealthy family background.
Many women of fierce Republican-era like Cornelia; Fulvia commanded an army and issued coins bearing their own images. Express Helena, mother of King Constantine was the driving force in promoting Christianity.
Education system in Roman society for girls and boys were more or less same where as girls belonging to a higher class as compared to others used to get higher education if they wanted. But they weren't allowed to take part in public life. So, dramatically or eventually the divergence between boys and girls began.
There used to be a rule that is any member of a family whether that person was man or woman, no matter could be the head of the family and had total and greater control over the the family members legally as compared to any other family member.
The daughters used to have full and legal right on their natal family's property as compared to sons after marriage and after death of father.
They also system of child marriage. Technically, there a couple had to consent at the age of 12 and 14 for girls and boys respectively. Most Roman women would have married in their late teens to early twenties, After marriage women maintained their full dignity and their husband had no legal power over then. In the late Republican Empire, as early as 5th century, write their own wills and appear in court.
The marriage system or law was very simple according to Roman History. It required no ceremony, but only a mutual will and agreement would be enough for completing marriage. According to early Roman law, marriages were of 3 kinds:
- CONFARREATIO, symbolized share of breads
- COEMPTIO, by purchase
- USUS, by mutual cohabitation.
Usually Patricians always married by Confarreatio whereas Pleneians married by the latter two kinds. Dowry system was also there. Their divorce was much simpler compared to their marriage system, only a notice was enough from either side to declare it.
- CONDITION OF WOMEN IN INDIA:
According to Indian History, women were not given any importance in society. With the change of time women were given their privileges and rights, but the rights which were given to them were also having some boundaries. In different parts of India, women were given different rights and privileges.
Earlier period of history reveals that the status of women in the India subcontinent was very adverse. They were treated as a negligible material of the society and were criticized by the others in every sort of moves.
Not only that, according to historical studies done by world renounced scholars, it has been revealed that the women weren't given their rights as compared to men and they had to practice rituals. If a child was born as a girls, the that child was being killed by her own family members. That child was considered as a burden to the family. Now coming back to the point about ritual, it was also believed that if a women sacrifice her life just after her husband's death and become a Sati, then that woman would be sacred to her family and the society and many other practice such as Jauhar, Pardha, Devadasi, etc..
According to global poll conducted by Thomsan Reuters, India is the "fourth dangerous country" in the world for women and the worst country for women among the G20 countries.
Our country also had a very typical and similar marriage system as compared to the Romans. Child marriage was very common those days at the age of 5 or 6 most of the girl children used to get married.
COMPARISON BETWEEN THE CONDITION OF WOMEN IN ROME AND INDIAN ANCIENT SOCIETY:
There were many similarities and dissimilarities in the condition of women in Roman and Indian society.
- The marriage system was similar in both Roman and Indian society, at a very tender age when they should go to school, they were being married.
- None of the women were allowed to hold a political position ,only those were allowed who belonged to a wealthy family.
- In Roman society, women had their full legal right on their father's property after marriage and after father's death, whereas, Indian society used to think girls as burden on their family.